UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
SAMUEL OAKMAN, OF MELROSE, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 434,879, dated August 19, 1890.
Application filed September 13, 1889. Serial No, 323,862. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
it known that I, SAMUEL OAKMAN,
of Melrose, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have
invented a new and useful Improvement in Telegraph-Insulators, of which
the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a
object of my invention is to so improve the interior surface of an
insulator that the insulating qualities may be increased, the increase
of insulation being attained by corrugation of the interior surface,
thereby not only increasing the surface distance from the pin to the
conducting-wire, but rendering the interior much better protected from
becoming wet, as the ridges or lands of the corrugations protect the
grooves and thus keep at least a part of the surface dry, a
consideration of great importance in insulation.
object is attained by molding the interior surface of the insulator in
the manner shown in the accompanying drawings, in which—
1 is a perspective view of an insulator of a form adapted to receive my
improvement. Fig. 2 is a view showing an insulator in vertical section
and a "standard-pin" in elevation. Fig. 3 is a vertical
section of my insulator.
the drawings, A represents the body of an insulator of a form adapted to
receive an interior surface of my design, it being understood that I am
not obliged to confine myself to any particular form of insulator, the
chief feature of my device being to increase insulation by adding to the
surface distance that intervenes between the supporting-pin of the
insulator and the conducting wire.
Fig. 2, represents a pin of the "standard" type, which fits
the interior screw-thread C of the insulator, made in the usual manner.
novelty of my device consists in the shape and arrangement of the
annular projections formed on the interior surface of the
"petticoat" of the insulator. The interior surface D has
formed upon it annular projections l, forming grooves g between them, as
shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The upper sides of these grooves are inclined;
but their under sides are nearly or quite horizontal, so as to offer a
complete barrier against water, it being well known that in rain-storms
water is driven up under the petticoat of the insulator, thus making an
electric connection between the wire on the outside and the wet pin that
the insulator is attached to. By forming the internal projection with
fiat faces at right angles to the general surface of the interior of the
petticoats I offer a much better water stop or barrier to the driving
rain and sleet than has heretofore been made. This form of projection
also provides good drip edges for water if any should get inside, so
that it may drop from the edge of one projection to that of the next,
and thus not wet the whole interior surface.
an insulator, the combination of the petticoat and a series of internal
annular projections having inclined tops and flat bases adapted to act
as water-stops, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.