UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
CHAUNCEY C. JOHNSON, OF SCRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR OF FORTY FIVE ONE-HUNDREDTHS TO JOHN A. WATSON, OF PITTSTON, PENNSYLVANIA.
No. 886,616 Specification of Letters Patent. Patented May 26, 1908.
Application filed October 26, 1907. Serial No. 399,377.
To all whom it may concern:
it known that I, CHAUNCEY C. JOHNSON,
a citizen of the United States, residing at Scranton, in the county of
Lackawanna and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful
Insulator, of which the following is a specification.
invention relates to insulators for the support of telegraph, telephone
and other wires, and has for its principal object to provide a novel
form of insulator that is so mounted and arranged as to firmly grip and
hold the wire in case the latter becomes broken between any two
insulators, so that the wire will not pull loose and sag, so as to bring
it into contact with lower wires, and render restretching and repairs
further object of the invention is to provide a pivotally mounted
insulator that is arranged to be turned on its pivot under stress of tie
wire when the latter is broken beyond the insulator.
still further object of the invention is to provide a pivotally mounted
insulator that will firmly hold a line-wire and into which the wire may
be introduced without the necessity of employing tying links or other
still further object of the invention is to provide a single piece
insulator of such construction as to permit the ready attaching of wires
of different gage.
these and other objects in view, as will more fully hereinafter appear;
the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and
arrangement of parts, hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the
accompanying drawings, and particularly pointed out in the appended
claims, it being understood that various changes in the form,
proportions, size and minor details of the structure may be made without
departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the
the accompanying drawings:-- Figure
1 is a perspective view of an insulator constructed in accordance with
the invention. Fig 2 is a
vertical section of the same. Fig.
3 is a plan view of the insulator in normal position. Fig 4 is a similar
view, showing the insulator pulled partly around under the strain of a
Similar numerals of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts throughout the several figures of the drawings.
The insulator is formed of glass or other suitable material, and is provided with the usual threaded opening 10 and petticoat 11, although in some cases the pin maybe smooth and the opening unthreaded, the insulator being so mounted on the pin that it is free to turn in either direction under stress of the wire when the latter is broken. The central portion of the top of the insulator is slightly convexed, and is provided with a diametrically disposed rib 12, the opposite ends of which are arranged on slightly curved lines, and the rib is convex in cross section so as to form a rounded jaw for engagement with one side of the wire, and this rounded jaw coacts with a concaved jaw 15 that is formed integral with the body of the insulator and extends upward at a point slightly beyond
end of the rib. The width
of the jaw 15 is much greater than that of the rib 12, and the inner
face of the end portions of said jaw 15 are provided with notches 18 and
19, which are arranged to receive the wire, these notches being of
different depth and the uppermost notch 18 being largest, so that it may
receive a wire of heavy gage, while the lowermost notch or notches at
the base of the jaws may receive a wire of lighter gage.
At the opposite side is a similar jaw 15 having a notch 20 that
preferably is of greater depth than the notch 18 for the purpose of
receiving a large wire. The
top of the rib 12 projects slightly above the upper faces of the jaws
15, 15', and when a wire is to be introduced into the tapering spaces
between said jaws, it is slightly bent to correspond to the arcuate
faces of the jaws, and then is forced downward until it springs into one
or other set of notches. In
every case the depth of the notches is such that the wire will be
slightly bent around the end of the rib and in this manner will be
clamped and held against longitudinal as well as upward displacement.
insulator forming the subject of the present invention is designed for
use in connection with a single wire only, the wire being placed at one
or other side of the insulator in accordance with its gage and so long
as the wire remains unbroken and is subjected to practically the same
tensional strain on opposite sides of the insulator, the length of the
rib 12 will be approximately at a right angle to the length of the wire,
but if the wire should become broken between two insulators, or between
the insulator and another attaching point, the wire at the opposite side
will act to turn the insulator on its supporting pin, and in so doing
the wire will be bent at that point where it passes beyond the edge of
the jaw 15, and the double bend thus formed inside and outside the jaw
15 will serve to firmly clamp the wire in piece and prevent its falling
into contact with subjacent wires.
The extent to which the insulator is turned will depend on the
stress of the wire, and the greater the stress and extent of turning,
the greater the binding effect of the insulator on the wire.
pivotally mounted insulator having at the top a transversely extending
rib convex in cross section and curved outwardly and downwardly,
a pair of complementary concaved jaws projecting upward from the body of
the insulator at points in alignment with the rib and forming open top
wire receiving spaces of gradually Increasing width from the bottom
upward, the opposite edges of the concaved jaws being provided with wire
receiving notches, there being a plurality of such notches to permit the
reception of wires of different gage.
testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my
signature in the presence of two witnesses.
CHAUNCEY C. JOHNSON.
W. J. DILLON.